Canoeing is a quickly growing water-based adventure sport. While canoes have traditionally been operated manually, you can now use a canoe trolling motor. These motors will propel your canoe forward mechanically.
If you’re considering purchasing a canoe motor, then you need first to learn how it works. This will help you operate and manage the canoe better.
Understanding the Trolling Motor
The trolling motor used for driving a canoe isn’t any different from a regular motor as far as design and components are concerned. The fundamental parts in a canoe trolling motor are:
- Shaft – The shaft is the long post with a standard length of 42 inches that secures the controller. How far you extend the shaft decides the dimension of control. To move the canoe properly, you’d have to balance the shaft short and long as required.
- Controller – There are three types of controllers. The first one lets your control it with your hand, the other with your foot, and the last one enables you to control it with a remote control.
- Propeller – The propeller is the fan that’s attached to the motor. When inspecting the propeller, you need to consider the “pitch.”
- Motor – It is the main component that produces the desired power to propel the canoe forward.
- Battery Charger – The batteries are intended to provide the electricity needed to power the motor which moves the canoe. You must select the correct voltage and battery type.
- Thrust – Thrust is not a component but refers to the motor’s power to propel the canoe forward.
Next, you need to select the mount type. There are bow mounts, transom mounts, and engine mounts. For canoes, bow mounts are best. These are mounted at the front of the canoe and consume minimal space.
Features to Look for in a Canoe Trolling Motor
Here are some of the features you should look for when selecting a trolling motor:
- Hand or Foot Control?
When selecting a trolling motor, you need to choose between a hand or foot control. Both have pros and cons. While foot control offers hands-free usage, it creates more clutter on the deck. Similarly, while hand control doesn’t have any clutter, it can only be used from the bow. So make your decision accordingly.
- Lever Lock Bracket
Make sure the motor has a quick-release lever lock. This would help you with adjusting the height.
- Speed Setting
With speed setting, you can regulate the speed at which you move forward or backward. The best trolling motors have five forward and three backward rev speed settings.
- Electrical Motor
It’s ideal to buy an electric motor over a petrol-powered motor. These do not make any noise, and you can drive your canoe noise-free without disturbing the fishes.
- Composite or Stainless Steel Material
Since the motor will constantly be in contact with water, you need to ensure proper protection. A composite or stainless steel coating will prevent the engine from rusting, flexing, or warping.
All of this aside, if you are new to canoeing, it’s best to read online product reviews of multiple brands of canoe trolling motors so you can make an informed decision. Since these motors don’t come cheap, it’s best to do sufficient research before purchasing one.